Right to adjusted allowance
During a period of unemployment you may work in such way that AYT simultaneously pays adjusted allowance. In order to qualify for adjusted allowance, you must be registered as an unemployed jobseeker with a TE Office.
You are entitled to adjusted earnings-related daily allowance when
Part-time employment means work performed in an employment relationship in which working hours do not exceed 80 % of the maximum working hours agreed for a full-time employee in your sector.
- You have accepted full time employment at maximum for 2 weeks
If your employment lasts for over 2 weeks, you will be paid full daily allowance for before and after the employment. You are not entitled to adjusted daily allowance for the time of employment.
- You have income from entrepreneurial activities that last a maximum of 2 weeks, part-time entrepreneurial activities or own work
If you are self-employed, you can claim adjusted earnings-related allowance, provided that either your self-employment lasts no more than 2 weeks or that the TE Office considers you to be part-time self-employed.
Adjustment can be applied to part-time self-employment when the scope of the business activity is so small that it does not prevent acceptance of full-time employment. The labour authority determines whether the entrepreneurial activities are part-time or full-time.
Personal work means any activity from which you receive income and for which you do not need to take out a YEL or MYEL insurance (e.g. small-scale translation work).
You must report any personal work or self-employment that lasts longer than 2 weeks to the TE Office, who will then provide a statement to AYT. AYT cannot process your claim without the appropriate statement from the TE Office.
Claim adjusted unemployment allowance retroactively in periods of one month or 4 successive calendar weeks (Mon-Fri). The period of payment determines which period is used.
If your salary is paid once a month, the period of adjustment is a calendar month. If, on the other hand, your salary is paid once every 4 weeks or every 2 weeks, the periods of claiming, payment and adjustment are four weeks (Mon-Fri).
A specific, shorter period of adjustment time is used if the period of adjustment includes periods on the basis of which you are not entitled to unemployment benefit. Periods such as these are, for example, a personal liability period or a waiting period. The fund can also use a special adjustment period at the beginning of part-time employment in order to ensure that the adjustment period better corresponds to the payment periods in the future. A special adjustment period is shorter than a period of 4 weeks or a month. When a special adjustment period is used, the earned income received during the period of adjustment is converted into monthly income.
Monitoring of working hours
You are not entitled to an adjusted allowance if your working hours during the period of adjustment exceeds 80 % of the applicable sector-specific maximum working hours of a full-time employee. If you have several employment relationships included in the adjustment, your total working hours will consist of all the working hours in those employment relationships. Always submit a copy of the contract of employment to the fund. The contract of employment should indicate the hours of work agreed on and any applicable collective agreement.
If your income subject to withholding obtained from employment or entrepreneurial activities does not exceed EUR 300 per month or EUR 279 per 4 successive calendar weeks, it will not affect the amount of the daily allowance.
Income taken into account in an adjustment
The pay during the period of adjustment is used as the basis of the adjusted daily allowance. If a specific period of adjustment is used, the earned income during the period of adjustment is calculated into a monthly income. The calculated earned income is the earned income divided by the days included in the monitoring period, multiplied by 21.5,
The earned income taken into consideration is always determined on the basis of a pay certificate, which must correspond to the period of adjustment. The adjustment takes earned income into account basically in accordance with the earnings principle. For example, if you have worked in November and part of the salary for November is paid in December, this part of the salary must be taken into account in the adjustment for November. In a case like this, in order to speed up the payment of the daily allowance, we recommend that you ask your employer for an advanced pay certificate in respect of the November salary to be paid later on.
Make sure that the working hours shown in the claim correspond to the pay certificate given by the employer.
The pay certificate must include the following information
- The period of time for which the salary is paid
- The earnings subject to withholding
- Any holiday compensation and/or holiday pay
- The employer’s contact information: name and telephone number
A pay certificate form can be downloaded and printed out from the website of the Federation of Unemployment Funds in Finland (TYJ) at www.tyj.fi.
Send the adjusted allowance claim and all the attachments to AYT preferably at the same time.
Amount of the adjusted daily allowance
The amount of the adjusted daily allowance is calculated by deducting 50 % of the income exceeding the standard entitlement of EUR 300 a month, received during the period of adjustment from the full daily allowance. The amount of the adjusted daily allowance, including any child increments, and the received income may not, during the period of adjustment, exceed the salary on which the allowance is based. This is known as the 100 % rule.
If the monthly amount of unemployment allowance is smaller than 50 % of the basic daily allowance (EUR 16.20 in 2017), no benefit will be paid.
An adjusted daily allowance is paid in respect of all days within the period of payment, also in respect of working days. You can calculate the amount of the adjusted daily allowance yourself with our allowance calculator.
Maximum payment period
The adjusted days of unemployment are taken into account, converted into full days of unemployment. If you claim adjusted allowance, the maximum payment period is calculated differently, in order to make it last longer.
If you are fully unemployed, your earnings-related allowance is EUR 50 per day.
You are paid EUR 200 per month in adjusted earnings-related allowance.
The number of days deducted from the maximum payment period during 1 month is EUR 200 / EUR 50 = 4 days.
Mobility allowance covers expenses caused by travelling to work or moving. You can claim mobility allowance, if
- you are entitled to unemployment allowance immediately before the employment relationship begins
- your commute to work in the beginning of the employment is more than 3 hours in the case of full-time employment or more than 2 hours in the case of part-time employment
- you work at least 18 hours a week
- the length of your employment is at least 2 months
- you have applied for mobility allowance before the employment begins
In the year 2017, the amount of mobility allowance is about 697 euros a month. The maximum payment period of mobility allowance depends on the length of the employment
- length of employment at least 2 months, maximum payment period 1 month
- length of employment at least 3 months, maximum payment period 1,5 months
- length of employment at least 4 months, maximum payment period 2 months
Remember to apply for the allowance before the employment begins. Application form in Finnish can be downloaded and printed out from the website of the Federation of Unemployment Funds in Finland (TYJ) at www.tyj.fi.